Friday 26 February 2021




Communication means conveying one's message, idea or information to another. It must have two or more people or parties. Expressing ourselves in a good way and listening, seeing, reading or understanding others in a good way, all this reveals our personality. It is an art that is very important to learn. In order to have a good effect of our personality. So our communication must be effective. Come on! Let us learn how to communicate effectively.


Communicating beautifully enhances our personality. To understand its importance, let's play a small game. Students of the whole class will sit in a circle. If the class is large then these games can be played separately by dividing the students in half. Now the teacher will tell something to one of the students. The student has to tell that to the student next to him in the ear.

That student will tell the next one in the same way. This way it will continue and come back to the first student by the student sitting to his left. Therefore, these conditions should be kept in mind.

·        It has to be said only once, not to be repeated.

·        The matter should be told in secrecy only in the ear in such a way that no one else listens.

·        No student will stop. He will tell you as soon as he hears it. This does not mean speaking fast or being in a hurry.

The first student will say the following in the next student's ear.

Moti Ram's shoe was lost. What is the colour are your shoes?

This may change from the first student to the last student. Now the first student will write on the board first what he said and then write what he heard. If there is a difference between the two, the whole class will fill in the information in the following table:

Name of the Student

Roll No.


What did you hear?


What did you convey?

Difference between listening and telling?





















Now students, let's see what happened and how it changed. When the reason is written, the answer of almost every student will be:

I did not fully understand because I was not told clearly. I guessed what would happen!

Dear students, we see that this problem occured about because of the first student did not pronounce the word correctly. The whole thing went awry due to incomplete communication. The second situation may be that you have not heard well. You can imagine how many problems we face in everyday life when we misrepresent. Let's see how we get into trouble when we speak with the wrong tone of voice or pitch and pause:

Kuldeep and Mani were going to school in the morning. Suddenly Kuldeep saw a motorcycle, coming at a fast speed from backside. He immediately shouted to Mani -" Mani, don't run, stop." After saying this, he turned to a side and Mani stopped and was hit by the motorcycle. Mani's leg got injured.

Dear students! Can you explain why the injury happened? Students think about this for a while. Let's find out now!





What said

What to say



Mani, Don't run! Stop!


Mani, run! Don't stop!


That is why we should pay special attention to the pronunciation, pause and emphasis on the words while speaking so that our speech can reach the listener in a pure form. Pronouncing as well as listening is just as important for good communication. Can you hear me? For good communication we should also practice listening as much as possible. We need to be interested and understanding in order to listen.

Now close your eyes and think in your mind, about your friends, relatives, neighbours whom you like and dislike. Enter the information of any five in the table below. You don't have to write anyone's name in the table but you have to write the letters of the Punjabi alphabet for him/her and no student will tell anyone about these names:

Those whom you like



Those whom you do not like



Name's first letter


Reason for being liked first letter


Name's first letter


Reason for not being liked



















The main reasons for your likes and dislikes are listed below and their reasons are also explained:

Explain the cause of likes and dislikes

Reasons for like or dislike


I like nature or Don't like.

·        The nature of expression is related to the tone of speech which is related to our physical gestures and state of mind.


The right way to communicate Is or is not.

·        It has to do with your behavior and By respecting the other. Purity of mind for behavior and expression of respect Emotions and physical gest- ures are paramount.

Check whether there is a proper dialogue in time.

Whether he listens to you or tries to tell his own stories? Need to develop the habit of listening too.

Conversational vocabulary is good or bad.

It has been associated with the selection of words when talking. The word politely, respectfully spoken And they should be expressed with a sense of belonging.

Now all the students should consider in their mind that the reasons why you don't like someone else may like or dislike you. So understand the explanation of the reasons to create the virtues of the causal likes and eliminate the traits of the causal dislikes from within.

In the above explanation of the reasons for likes and dislikes we see that each reason is related to our self-expression ie how we communicate with others. In this, our language, word choice and the correct pronunciation of words affect our smooth communication. On the other hand, the expression of our behavior, temperament, emotions also affects our communication.

We call this non-linguistic communication or body language. Body language is just as important in smooth communication as our speech or language. How can we communicate effectively with each other through our body language? Let's try to understand this in detail.


Dear students, can we communicate well, even without speaking a single word? Yes, definitely. Let ‘us learn the skill of body language.





Means of body language


Invite your friend or classmate










Declare your victory


You don't understand





You like what someone is saying and you agree



You doubt something











You want to prevent someone from speaking in the ongoing conversation


You are sad about something


Whole body


You are in the process of a literary work and thinking seriously about the creation in your mind


Whole body





We have seen that we have expressed (communicated) the above different emotions with different parts of our body without speaking. Thus when we express our feelings without speaking, it is called body language. This is called non-linguistic communication. It mainly uses the hands, eyes, face and the whole body. Students now have to practice activities with some other meanings and situations. They can assess themselves in this exercise in the following two ways and gain proficiency in communicating through their body language.

Practice expressing different emotions in front of a mirror. You can judge your potential which you can improve. It is a useful activity for learning acting.

Your photo or video via mobile while expressing your feelings Get ready and watch it late. You will know how much have you communicate successfully.

In this way with constant practice we can also communicate emotions with our body language. This is one of the most effective ways to communicate because your personality is influenced by your body language before you speak. The greatest example of the importance and power of body language is the world famous actor Charlie Chaplin. Charlie Chaplin has acted in all his films using his body language without speaking.

Students will watch at least two movies of Charlie Chaplin from YouTube

After watching these movies, you will realize that there are endless possibilities for expression (communication) through body language. By watching these films, students can improve their body language through continuous practice. Let us now express our position through role-play. In this role-play no student will speak but will express the whole situation through their body language (hands, eyes, face, body) in such a way that the whole class understands. The teacher can help the students to understand and express this situation, provided the student (who is watching the situation) should not be aware of it.

Students are debating which game to play. Different students are inspiring others for different sports like cricket, hockey, volleyball, football, kabaddi, tug of war, kho-kho, running. Care should be taken that all the students do not start their expression together. Different students take turns to come and express their favorite game. Some students will show interest in two or three games. Some students are more interested in studying than playing. Some students want to spend time in a computer lab. Some students will be encouraged to have a poetry or song competition in the classroom. Thus there are many other possibilities that students can present at their level ... in the end not all students agree with anything and resent each other without fighting. At the end a student, pretending to be smart, will play a dancing song. By turning class black boards into T.V. etc. The making the class blackboard, look like a television and making the geometry box a remote (the only effect of the song is to create it, not really play). Look at all the other blackboards. They will dance to the tune of their choice. The condition is that there should be no sound or laughter while dancing. All this is just to express in the form of a silent actor through his body language. At the end a special situation will come, when students would be demonstrate mutual unity and togetherness. The teacher should try to motivate the students to do as much as they can. Only live according to special situation and need. Too many situations can be practiced as much as possible by imagining school, home or somewhere else. Students should now practice body language as much as possible in order to communicate effectively in everyday life. Students will fill out the following worksheet at their home as a practice activity



Sr. No.

Our body parts

Write down any five emotions and situations

Photo or sketch showing expressions